| || |
Notas de pie de pgina
 Henningfield, J.E.,
& Benowitz, N.L. (1995). Cigarettes and addiction. British Medical
Journal, 310, 1082-1083.
 Benowitz, N.L.
(1996). Pharmacology of nicotine: addiction and therapeutics. Annual Review
of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 36, 597-613.
 Committee on Passive
Smoking, Board of Environmental Studies and Toxicology, National Research Council.
(1986). Environmental tobacco smoke: Measuring exposures and assessing health
effects. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
 Pedreira, FA, Guandolo,
VL, & Feroli, EJ. (1985). Involuntary smoking and incidence of respiratory
illness during the first year of life. Pediatrics. 75, 594-595.
 Guyatt, GH, &
Newhouse, MT. (1985). Are active and passive smoking harmful? Determining causation.
Chest, 88, 445-451.
 Mannino, DM, Klevens,
RM, & Flander, WD. (1994). Cigarette smoking: An independent risk factor
for impotence. American Journal of Epidemiology, 140, 1003-1008.
 Burke, KE. (1990).
Facial wrinkles: Prevention and nonsurgical correction. Postgraduate Medicine,
 Ernster, VL, Grady,
D, et al. (1995). Facial wrinkling in men and women, by smoking status. American
Journal of Public Health, 85, 78-82.
 Grady, D, &
Ernster, V. (1992) Does cigarette smoking make you ugly and old? American Journal
of Epidemiology, 135, 839-842.
 Peto R, Lopez AD,
Boreham J, Thun M, Heath, Jr., C. (1994). Mortality from developed countries
1950-2000: Indirect estimates from national vital statistics. Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 211.
 American Lung Association.
(1994). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: emphysema, chronic bronchitis.
Lung Disease Data, 1994, 6-7.
 Newcomb, PA, &
Carbone, PP. (1992). The health consequences of smoking: cancer.
Medical Clinics of North America, 76, 305-331.
 Brinton, L.A. (1990).
Editorial commentary: smoking and cervical cancer - current status. American
Journal of Epidemiology, 131, 958-960.
 Reus, WF, Robson,
MC, Zachary, L, & Heggers, JP. Acute effects of tobacco smoking on blood
flow in the cutaneous micro-circulation. British Journal of Plastic Surgery,
 Herrero, R, Brinton,
LA, Reeves, WC, et al. (1989). Invasive cervical cancer and smoking in
Latin America. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 81, 205-211.
 Barton, SE, Jenkins,
D, Cuzick, J, et al. (1988). Effect of cigarette smoking on cervical epithelial
immunity: a mechanism for neoplastic change? Lancet, 2, 652-654.
 Robbins, A., Manson,
J., Lee, M., et al. (1994). Cigarette smoking and stroke in a cohort of
U.S. male physicians. Annals of Internal Medicine, 120, 458-462.
 Kawachi, I., Colditz,
G., Stampfer, M., et al. (1993). Smoking cessation and decreased risk
of stroke in women. Journal of the American Medical Association, 269,
 Christen, W.G.,
Manson, J.E., et al. (1992). A prospective study of cigarette smoking
and risk of cataract in men. Journal of the American Medical Association,
 Hankinson, S.E.,
Willett, W.C., et al. (1992). A prospective study of cigarette smoking
and risk of cataract surgery in women. JAMA, 268, 994-998.
 LaVecchia, C.L.,
Negri, E., Levi, F., & Baron, J.A. (1991). Cigarette smoking, body
mass, and other risk factors for fractures of the hip in women. International
Journal of Epidemiology, 20, 671-677.
 Hopper, J.L., &
Seeman, E. (1994). The bone density of female twins discordant for tobacco
use. New England Journal of Medicine, 330, 387-392.
 Slemenda, C.W.,
Christian, J.C., Reed, T., et al. (1992). Long-term bone loss in men:
effects of genetic and environmental factors. Annals of Internal Medicine,
 Blair, S., Perkins,
K.A., Metz, K.F., et al. (1985). Relationships between exercise or physical
activity and other health behaviors. Public Health Reports, 100, 172-180.
 Boshuizen, H.C.,
Verbeek, JHAM, Broersen, JPJ, & Weel, ANH. Do smokers get more back
pain? Spine, 18, 35-40.
 Ernst, E.
(1993). Smoking, a cause of back trouble? British Journal of Rheumatology,
 American Lung Association.
What are the benefits of quitting smoking? Site accessed 11/1/01. http://www.lungusa.org/tobacco/quit_ben.jtmll.
 Kendler KS, Neale
MC, MacLean CJ, Heath AC, Eaves LJ, & Kessler RC. (1993). Smoking and major
depression: A causal analysis. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50, 36-43.
 Borrelli B, Niaura
R, Keuthen NJ, Goldstein MG, DePue JD, Murphy C, Abrams DB. (1996) Development
of major depressive disorder during smoking-cessation treatment. Journal of
Clinical Psychiatry, 57(11), 534-8.
 Klesges, R.C.,
Winders, S.E., et al. (1997). How much weight gain occurs following smoking
cessation? A comparison of weight gain using both continuous and point prevalence
abstinence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65(2), 286-291.
 Marcus BH, Albrecht AE, et al. (1999).
The efficacy of exercise as an aid for smoking cessation in women: a randomized
controlled trial. Archives of Internal Medicine, 159, 1229-1234.
 National Institute
on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol Alerts. No. 39: Alcohol
and Tobacco. Site accessed 11/1/01. http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/aa39.jtml
 Giovino, GA, Henningfield,
JE, et al. (1995). Epidemiology of tobacco use and dependence. Epidemiology
Review, 17, 48-65.
 Perkins, K.A. (2001).
Smoking cessation in women. Special considerations. CNS Drugs, 15, 391-411.
 Baird, D.D., &
Wilcox, A.J. (1985). Cigarette smoking associated with delayed conception.
JAMA, 253, 2979 2983.
 ACOG Technical
Bulletin Number 180 - May 1990. International Journal of Gynecology and
Obstetrics, 43, 75-81.
 DiFranza, J.R.,
& Lew, R.A. (1995). Effect of maternal cigarette smoking on pregnancy
complications and sudden infant death syndrome. Journal of Family Practice,
 Dempsey, D.A., & Benowitz, N.L.
(2001). Risks and benefits of nicotine to aid smoking cessation in pregnancy.
Drug Safety, 24(4), 277-322.
 Baron, J.A., LaVecchia,
C., & Levi, F. (1990). The antiestrogenic effect of cigarette
smoking in women. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 162,
 Tobacco Cessation
Guideline: Guideline Panel Members. June 2000. U.S. Public Health Service. http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/tobacco/smpanel.jtml
 Treating Tobacco
Use and Dependence. June 2000. U.S. Public Health Service. http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/
 American Psychiatric
Association. (1996). Practice guideline for the treatment of patients
with nicotine dependence. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 1-31.
 Curry S, Marlatt
G.A., & Gordon J.R. (1987). Abstinence violation effect: validation of an
attributional construct with smoking cessation. Journal of Consulting
and Clinical Psychology, 55, 145-149.
 National Institute
of Drug Abuse. Research Report Series: Nicotine Addiction. Site
accessed 11/1/01. http://188.8.131.52/ResearchReports/
 Benson, H. (2000).
The relaxation response. Wholecare.
 Coppotelli H.C.,
& Orleans C.T. (1985). Partner support and other determinants of smoking
cessation maintenance among women. Journal of Consulting and Clinical
Psychology, 53, 455-460.
 Mermelstein, R.,
Cohen, S., Lichtenstein, E., Baer, J.S., & Kamarck, T. (1986). Social support
and smoking cessation and maintenance. Journal of Consulting and
Clinical Psychology, 54, 447-453.
 Ellis, A. (2001).
Overcoming Destructive Beliefs, Feelings, and Behaviors : New Directions for
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. Prometheus: New York.
Tabla de contenido
Tomar la decisión | Alistarse
Semana del infierno y después | Seguir
Notas de pie de página
|Lost economic productivity caused by smoking costs the US economy more than $50 billion each year.|
Pledge Daily: Take the hand of other members, pledge not to smoke for just that day, and make it smoke-free, one day at a time!
Rolling On the Floor Laughing. Many members claim to do this, but do you REALLY think so? Canadian spelling: ROTFL